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Guitar Chords Lessons – How The Guitar Chords Was Formed?

April 28th, 2011 · No Comments · Learning Tablature

Today’s guitar chords lessons we’re going to discuss how the guitar chords were formed.? A basic chord is made of three notes. The 1st (root), 3rd and 5th. But before we fully understand this lets talk about the whole tone and half tone.

Whole tone- is the distance between to notes with a one whole step. That was 2 frets away. For example, the distance between C to D is one whole step.

Half tone- is one half step distance between two notes. That was 1 fret away. For example,
the distance between E to F is one half steps. Remember, there is no E# or Fb and B# or Cb.

Memorize the following major scale formula because all major scales are built with this formula.

W – W – H – W – W – W – H

where; W = whole tone, H = half tone
Now, take a look at the C major scale below. It is made of this formula.

C major scale

C D E F G A B C – C major scale
1 2 3 4 ?5 6 ?7 ?1 – scale degree

For example the C chord, let’s take the 1, 3, and 5. That was C-E-G. Therefore the C chord is composing 3 notes C E G.

Then let’s play it by following the given TAB below. In case you don’t know yet the tablature notation you can visit guitar music lessons here.

E——-0—————————-
B——-1—————————-
G——-0—————————
D——-2—————————
A——-3—————————
E————————————

Then play the C major scale over the fretboard.

E———————————————-
B———————————————-
G——————————2—4—5—-
D—————-2—3—5——————-
A——3—5———————————-
E———————————————-

Now let’s take another example this time in D chord

D major scale

D E F# G A B C# D
1 ?2 ?3 ?4 ?5 ?6 7 ?8

Let’s take the I, III, and V. that was D-F#-A. Therefore, the D chord are compose 3 notes D-F#-A.

Then let’s play it again by following the given TAB below,

E——-2—————————–
B——-3—————————–
G——-2—————————-
D——-0—————————–
A————————————-
E————————————-

Then play the D major scale over the fretboard. The same pattern as the C major scale but moving up one whole step which is two fret higher.

E————————————————
B—- ——————————————-
G——————————–4—6—7—–
D—————–4—5—7——————–
A——-5—7———————————–
E————————————————

E chord pattern

E——0——————————
B——0——————————
G——1——————————
D——2——————————
A——2——————————
E——0——————————

F chord pattern

E——-1—————————–
B——-1—————————–
G——-2—————————-
D——-3—————————-
A——-3—————————-
E——-1—————————-

G chord pattern

E——3—————————–
B——3—————————–
G——0—————————-
D——0—————————-
A——2—————————-
E——3—————————-

A chord pattern

E——-0—————————-
B——-2—————————-
G——-2—————————
D——-2—————————
A——-0—————————-
E————————————

B chord pattern

E——-2————————
B——-4————————
G——-4————————
D——-4————————
A——-2————————
E———————————

Now it’s your turn. Create the same formula for the next E, F, G, A and B major scale chord pattern. Find the location of all notes within the fretboard.

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